3 simple total participation techniques you can use this new school year

One of the biggest challenge in teaching is getting your students involved in your class.  The ones you can consistently rely on are only the highly motivated students.

But how do you involve the rest of the class? The solution is to use Total Participation Techniques (by Persida Hinmele and William Hinmele)

There are plenty of total participation techniques (TPT), but for starters, here are 3 techniques you can easily integrate in your teaching routine instantly!

They’re easy to use and prepare for. Best of all, they engage students and encourage reflection and higher order thinking.


The objective of this technique is for your students to reflect in writing what they are are learning.

Give them at least 3 minutes to do a short reflection on a topic or big concept you are teaching your class.

After they all write individually their reflection, they turn to their partners and share their reflection. You can get 1 or 2 students to share their reflections to the whole class.

At the end of the class, you can collect their notebooks and comment on their reflections.

Your task as a teacher is to prepare beforehand these prompts for the quick writes. It would be good to prepare 2-3 prompts to integrate in your session with your students.


This technique appeals to the visual learners, which are majority of the students essentially.

With this technique, you prepare beforehand the big ideas and concepts of your topic.

During your session with your students, you integrate these quick draws by having your students demonstrate their understanding by representing abstract terms or concepts through a drawing.

After that, you can have them share and explain their drawing to their partner.


think pair share

This total participation technique is a classic strategy to engage students. Your task as the facilitator is to prepare the questions and prompts beforehand. Several times in your discussion with your class, integrate these prompts seamlessly based on how you want the discussion to flow.

Give them at least a minute to think about the prompt or question and then another minute to share with each other their thoughts and reflections about the prompts.


Try them out and share your experiences in the comments below 🙂

Argee Abadines
Argee Abadines is the founder and chief content engineer of this website. He is a brain based educator and his educational interests are pedagogy, higher order thinking, creativity, and educational technology. He is also the founder of Bruner Learning Hub. He currently teaches high school business studies and economics. Previously, he taught English to primary students. He reads up regularly about trends in education and online media. You can visit his personal blog at pinoyminimalist.com

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